||This chart was published in John Hawkesworth's 1773 account of the journeys of Captain James Cook, John Byron, and Philip Carteret on behalf of the Admirality.
The frigate 'Dolphin' was under the command of Captain John Byron (1723-86) and then Captain Samuel Wallis (1728-95): the related acount also includes Captain Cook's first ('Endeavour' ) voyage and that of Philip Carteret in the 'Swallow' which sailed with Byron but became separated from him: it was Carteret who discovered Pitcairn, and named it after the midshipman who first spotted it from the masthead (and whose father Major Pitcairn was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775). Byron was chosen to command an expedition to circumnavigate the globe and search for a north-west passage. His mention of signs of a southern continent encouraged the immediate preparation of another expedition to the Pacific. Wallis took command of the 'Dolphin' (back from Byron's circumnavigation) and had as his objective to search for the great continent 'Terra Australis Incognita.'
Captain James Cook (1728-79) made three separate voyages to the Pacific (with the ships 'Endeavour', 'Resolution', 'Adventure', and 'Discovery') and did more than any other voyager to explore the Pacific and Southern Ocean. Cook not only encountered Pacific cultures for the first time, but also assembled the first large-scale collections of Pacific objects to be brought back to Europe. He was killed in Hawaii in 1779.
Mounted on page with PAI4000, and in album with PAI3938-PAI3998, PAI4000-PAI4076.; Page 53.