||This chart was published in John Hawkesworth's 1773 account of the journeys of Captain James Cook, John Byron, and Joseph Banks on behalf of the Admirality.
Philip Carteret (1733-1796) was lieutenant of the frigate Dolphin with Captain John Byron (between 1764-1766). A second expedition was dispatched soon after Byron's return, with the Dolphin commanded by Captain Samuel Wallis (1728-1795) and the Swallow commanded by Carteret. They had as their objective to search for the great continent 'Terra Australis Incognita.' The Swallow was separated from the Dolphin and Carteret suspected he had been deliberately abandoned. He resolved to continue and discovered the Pitcairn Islands (later made famous by the Bounty mutineers).
Following these voyages, Captain James Cook (1728-1779) made three voyages to the Pacific (with the ships Endeavour, Resolution, Adventure, and Discovery) and did more than any other voyager to explore the Pacific and Southern Ocean. Cook not only encountered Pacific cultures for the first time, but also assembled the first large-scale collections of Pacific objects to be brought back to Europe. He was killed in Hawaii in 1779.
Mounted in album with PAI3938-PAI4003, PAI4005-PAI4076.; Page 56.