||This engraving, after drawings by artist William Hodges, is in John Hawkesworth's account (1773) of the voyages of Captain James Cook, Joseph Banks and Captain John Byron.
Captain James Cook (1728-1779) made three separate voyages to the Pacific (with the ships Endeavour, Resolution, Adventure, and Discovery) and did more than any other voyager to explore the Pacific and Southern Ocean. Cook not only encountered Pacific cultures for the first time, but also assembled the first large-scale collections of Pacific objects to be brought back to Europe. He was killed in Hawaii in 1779.
William Hodges (1744 - 1797) joined Cook's second expedition to the South Pacific as a draughtsman 1772-75 and was employed by the Admiralty in finishing his drawings.
This is likely from Cook's visit to Easter Island in 1775. This woman has large perforations of the ear-lobe, is wearing a conical straw broad-brimmed bonnet as protection against the sun. Her head and shoulders are frontally posed, and she wears a necklace with a shell pendant.
This is the first of two such engravings.
Mounted in album with PAI3938-PAI4050, PAI4052-PAI4076.; Page 100.