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Croix de Guerre 1914-17

MED2435
Coins and medals

Object connections:

Collection Coins and medals, Orders and medals
Gallery locationNot on display
PeopleProvenance: Sturdee, Frederick Charles Doveton
EventsWorld War I, 1914-1918

Object details:

Object ID MED2435
Description Croix de Guerre 1914-18 with bronze palm awarded to Admiral of the Fleet Sir F Doveton Sturdee (1859-1925). Admiral Sturdee was born in 1859 and entered Britannia as a naval cadet in 1871. He was promoted to midshipman in 1873 and to sub-lieutenant in 1878. In 1880 he was promoted to lieutenant and took part in the operations at Alexandria in 1882. He was promoted commander in 1893 and served as a torpedo specialist in the Admiralty for four years. He was promoted captain, created CMG in 1899 and CVO in 1906. In 1908 he reached flag rank and was promoted to Vice Admiral in 1913 having been created KCB the same year. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief in the South Atlantic and after the victory of the Falkland Islands in 1914 was rewarded with a baronetcy in 1916. After the battle of Jutland he was created KCMG and promoted to admiral in 1917. After the war he became President of the Society for Nautical Research and much involved in the restoration of HMS ‘Victory’. Admiral Sturdee died in 1925. The Croix de Guerre (1914-18) was established in 1915 and was awarded to all ranks of the armed services and citizens of France who had been mentioned in despatches. It was also awarded to personnel of the Allied forces. The medal is in the form of a bronze cross pattee superimposed on two crossed swords. The central medallion on the obverse bears the symbolic head of the Republic (Marianne). Inscribed, 'REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE'. Inscribed on the reverse, '1914', '1917'. Suspended from a watered silk ribbon, green with narrow red edges and five narrow vertical stripes on which is attached a bronze palm. It is mounted on a bar with six others- Egypt Medal bar Alexandria (MED2430), 1914-15 Star (MED2431), British War Medal (MED2432), Victory Medal (MED2433), George V Coronation Medal (MED2434) and Khedive Star (MED2436). The museum also holds Admiral Sturdee’s decorations.
Date made

Credit On loan to the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, from a Private Collection
Materials watered silk; bronze
Measurements Overall: x x x 37 mm
Parts
  • Croix de Guerre 1914-17 (MED2435)
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