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Distinguished Service Order 1910-36

MED2549
Coins and medals

Object connections:

Collection Coins and medals, Orders and medals
Gallery locationNot on display
PeopleProvenance: Sir Max Kennedy Horton, Max
EventsWorld War I, 1914-1918

Object details:

Object ID MED2549
Description Distinguished Service Order awarded to Admiral Sir Max Kennedy Horton, GCB, DSO. Admiral Horton was born in 1883 and entered the training ship ‘Britannia’ in 1898. A pioneer submariner, he was given command of the submarine ‘A1’ at the age of 22. In 1914 in command of the submarine ‘E.9’ he sank the German light cruiser ‘Hela’ and a destroyer near Heligoland. For this action Horton was awarded the DSO. He was awarded a bar to his DSO in 1917. In 1920 he commanded a submarine flotilla in the Baltic against the Bolsheviks and was awarded a second bar. In 1922 he was put in command of a flotilla of ‘K’ class boats. He was promoted to Rear-Admiral in 1932 and to Vice-Admiral in 1936. Admiral Horton was in command of the Reserve Fleet 1937-9, which he brought to a state of preparedness by the time the war began. He also contributed to the defeat of the U boats as Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches, a post he held until the end of the war. He was promoted to Admiral in 1941 and created GCB in 1945. Admiral Horton died in 1951. The medal is an enamelled white cross edged in gold with a green central wreath containing the Imperial Crown in gold on a red background. On the reverse is the Royal Cypher within a green wreath on a red background. The ribbon has a wide central stripe of red edged with narrower stripes of blue. The Museum also holds the following medals awarded to Admiral Horton: Croix de Guerre, France (MED2558), 1914-15 Star (MED2550), British War Medal (MED2551), Victory Medal (MED2552), George V Jubilee Medal (MED2553), George VI Coronation 1937 Medal (MED2554), Legion d’Honneur, 3rd Class Commander (MED2544), Legion of Merit USA (MED2548). The Museum also holds Admiral Horton’s decorations.
Date made 1886

Artist/Maker Wyon, William
Credit National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
Materials ribbon; silver gilt, enamel
Measurements Overall: x x x 40 mm
Parts
  • Distinguished Service Order 1910-36 (MED2549)
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