Astronomical and navigational instruments, Fine art, Prints, drawings and watercolours, Popular Astronomy, 4. Astronomy and print

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Diagram of Meteorology, displaying the various phenomena of the atmosphere

Astronomical and navigational instruments

Object details:

Object ID AST0051.7
Description One of a set of 12 hand-tinted astronomical prints with an explanatory card. The publisher is identified on each print as J. Reynolds or James Reynolds of the Strand, London. These cards were first issued by Reynolds in 1846, although he and other publishers continued to produce them throughout the second half of the 19th century. They responded to a perceived market for popular science products and were intended for informal learning within the home. They could be bought in sets or singly and, at a price of 1 shilling, were affordable to middle class audiences. A number of the cards have tissue paper backings and holes in the card in order to allow the user to hold them up to the light and see the stars, planets or phases of the Moon displayed as light areas against a darker background. Several of the more detailed images were drawn and engraved by John Emslie, who also collaborated with Reynolds on another set of diagrams, "Illustrations of Natural Philosophy". Reynolds’ educational diagrams received a prize medal at the International Exhibition of 1862. One of a set of 12 hand-tinted astronomical prints with explanatory card, this is an imaginative depiction of a landscape and seascape displaying a wide range of atmospheric phenomena. This are numbered and listed below the image and include wind, waterspouts, various cloud formations, precipitation, glaciers, aurora, rainbow, halo, mirage, mock suns, zodiacal light, "Will with a Wisp", lighting, falling stars and aerolites. The reverse has a long printed text with explanations of The Atmosphere, Aerial Meteors, Aqueous Meteors, Luminous Meteors and Igneous Meteors.
Date made 1846-1860

Artist/Maker Emslie, John
Reynolds, James
Place made London, England
Credit National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
Materials engraving; paper
Measurements 292 x 235 mm
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