Scale: 1:120. A contemporary full hull model of a steam-powered passenger liner (circa 1885), built in ‘bread and butter’ construction in the builder’s style. Model is decked, fully equipped and rigged. This is a model of a proposed passenger steamship of the late 19th century and shows the type of vessel that took over the emigrant trade from the sailing ships. A noticeable feature of this type of vessel is the single row of portholes along the hull in addition to the deck accommodation. It also illustrates the transition form sail to steam where the single screw propeller was auxiliary to the mast and sails. It was not until the introduction of the more reliable and economical steam engines that twin screws became the main propulsion with the sailing rig greatly reduced. As was the case of the sailing vessels engaged in this trade, the capacity of the lifeboats was grossly insufficient for the number of passengers carried. It was not until after the ‘Titanic’ disaster in 1912 that the problem was addressed and remedied by law.
National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
brass; cotton; metal; paint; varnish; wood
Overall model: 483 x 1077 x 204 mm; Base: 42 x 1010 x 254 mm