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A View of Botany Bay (includes HM ships Sirius and Supply)


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Gallery locationNot on display

Object details:

Object ID PAD2115
Description Botany Bay was so named after its abundance of flora and fauna, as found in May 1770 when Captain Cook landed there during his first Pacific voyage in the 'Endeavour' . Eighteen years later eleven ships, the First Fleet, arrived at Botany Bay to set up the first British settlement in Australia there in the form of a prison colony. There were over 1500 people: 548 male and 188 female convicts, ships' crews, officials, marines, their wives and children. Forty-eight people had died on the voyage. The convicts consisted of English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, black African and American, Jewish, Scandinavian and other peoples. Captain Arthur Phillip, who led the fleet in the 'Sirius' immediately recognized that Botany Bay was unsuitable for settlement and a poor anchorage for ships. He immediately moved to the inlet which Cook had named Port Jackson but not investigated, about ten miles further north: behind the 'heads' flanking the entrance he found what today is called Sydney Harbour and founded the colony at Sydney Cove. Botany Bay is today in the southern suburbs of modern Sydney
Date made 17 June 1789

Artist/Maker Medland, Thomas
Stockdale, John
Credit National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
Materials etching
Measurements Mount: 205 mm x 278 mm
  • A View of Botany Bay (includes HM ships Sirius and Supply) (PAD2115)
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