||This engraving, after drawings by artist William Hodges, comes from the official account of Cook's second voyage, 'A Voyage towards the South Pole', published by Strahan and Cadell in 1777.
Captain James Cook (1728-1779) made three separate voyages to the Pacific (with the ships Endeavour, Resolution, Adventure, and Discovery) and did more than any other voyager to explore the Pacific and Southern Ocean. Cook not only encountered Pacific cultures for the first time, but also assembled the first large-scale collections of Pacific objects to be brought back to Europe. He was killed in Hawaii in 1779.
William Hodges (1744 - 1797) joined Cook's second expedition to the South Pacific as a draughtsman 1772-75 and was employed by the Admiralty in finishing his drawings.
Cook traveled to the Island of Rotterdam in late June, 1774. The original drawing on which this engraving was based in now in the National Library, Canberra and is entitled Tongatabu or Amsterdam. In Hawkesworth's account, he writes there is no reason to doubt that this is a drawing of Tongatapu and not of Nomuka; it is difficult, however, to explain why the engraving is described as Rotterdam (i.e. Nomuka).
This is the second of two such engravings.
Mounted in album with PAI4078, PAI4080-PAI4214.; Page 125.; Plate No. XLIII.