||This engraving after a drawing by John Webber comes from the official account of Cook's third voyage, 'A voyage to the Pacific Ocean', published by Scatcherd and Whitaker in 1784.
Captain James Cook (1728-1779) made three separate voyages to the Pacific (with the ships Endeavour, Resolution, Adventure, and Discovery) and did more than any other voyager to explore the Pacific and Southern Ocean. Cook not only encountered Pacific cultures for the first time, but also assembled the first large-scale collections of Pacific objects to be brought back to Europe. He was killed in Hawaii in 1779.
John Webber was the artist on Cook’s third voyage from 1776-1780.
Cook's first visit to Kauai (Atooi) was from January 19-23 1778.
This engraving depicts a market scene and illustrates, once again, an encounter between the voyagers and the local inhabitants. King noted that the dwellings 'instead of being scatterd as at the other Islands, are here connect'd into Villages' and something of this is revealed in Webber's drawing, as indeed is Cook's comparison of the houses with 'oblong corn stacks.' Trading was exceptionally good. Cook believed that 'no people could trade with more honesty than these people, never once attempting to cheat us.' The various groups of people depicted by Webber does suggest a feeling of relaxation and trust. Barrels of water are being rolled about without fuss or molestation, and in the centre a woman converses with a marine. It may be an allusion to the readiness of the Hawaiian girls to offer themselves to the sailors. Samwell remakred that the 'young Women, who were in general exceedingly beautiful, used all their arts to entice our people into their Houses.' And Webber shows a couple of young women in front of a hut on the extreme right in order perhaps to endorse the statement.
Mounted in album with PAI4078-PAI4159, PAI4161-PAI4214.; Page 204.; Plate No. 35.