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Guillotine blade


Object connections:

ExhibitionsThe Atlantic: Slavery, Trade, Empire, War and Conflict
Gallery locationAtlantic Gallery (Floor plans)
PeopleHistorical Association: Hugues, Victor
Historical Association: Scott, Vice Matthew Henry
VesselsRose 1783 (HMS)

Object details:

Object ID TOA0079
Description This guillotine blade, still mounted with rivets to its original lead weighted wooden block, was used on the West Indian island of Guadeloupe by French republicans during revolutionary struggles there. It is said to have been used to execute more than 50 royalists. This guillotine is likely to have been taken to the Americas by the French Revolutionary commissar Victor Hugues, when he was sent to Martinique and Guadeloupe to purge the royalists. In 1794 the British occupied Guadeloupe and Captain Matthew Scott of HMS Rose is said to have brought back the guillotine blade as a war trophy.
Date made 1792

Artist/Maker Unknown
Credit National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, Royal United Service Institution Collection
Materials wood; steel (blade); lead (weight)
Measurements Overall: 585 x 345 x 152 mm
  • Guillotine blade (TOA0079)
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